Classified only in 1753. Species rich in aroma, very fragrant, sweet and slightly acidic.
The plant is quite delicate and requires intensive treatments. The pre-roasted grains are elongated oval-shaped, bluish-green and feature a slightly pronounced, sinuous groove. The ideal cultivation habitat is between 600 and 2000 meters of altitude: the higher the altitude, the more chances of obtaining excellent organoleptic qualities of the grains.
Today, 'Arabica' represents three quarters of the world's coffee production. The caffeine rate of this type of grain is about 1.4%.
Discovered and classified in the late 1800's, this plant is widespread in Africa, Asia, Indonesia and Brazil. Provides about a quarter of world production.
It grows in altitudes between sea level and 600 meters, withstands well in hot and humid climatic conditions. It has a fast growth, better yield and is more resistant to parasites. It flowers several times a year, and therefore its yield per plant is slightly higher than that of Arabica.
The pre-roasted beans have a rounded, irregular shape, are greenish-yellow in color and contain on average about 2.5% caffeine. The drink that is obtained after the roast of the 'Robusta' is characterized by chocolate body and taste with persistent flavor.
Brazilian coffee exporters are expected to ship at least 35 million 60 kg sacks in the 2018/19 crop, including green, soluble and roasted and ground coffee
Brazil is expected to produce a record coffee harvest in 2018/19, estimated by the government at 56.4 million bags